Top 10 Achievements That Led To The Development Of India During Congress Tenure

Seems funny, RIGHT? The title of this article and the current situation of Congress Party isn’t really going that well along. Well, as the old man said, ‘TIME WAITS FOR NOTHING’ and hence it changes. Well, in this article I will be talking about the good things that happened during the Congress rule and not the scams and corruption that took place during their tenure.

1. During the early years of Independent India, we were nothing.


It was the Congress party, particularly Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru who took the efforts of establishing many industries like steel plants, the Bhakra-Nangal and Damodar Valley power and mega irrigation projects, by taking funds from well to do people.

2. After the independence, it was the Congress party that stopped India from getting torn down into more than 600 parts.


The problem was dealt by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in compliance with the support of Nehru who diplomatically handled the situation and saved India.

3. India became a republic country under the guidance of B.R Ambedkar.


B.R Ambedkar laid the foundation of Republic India and on 26th January 1950, the constitution of India came into force. This was indeed a proud moment.

4. Making our eastern borders safer.


The role of Indira Gandhi for indulging in a war against Pakistan for breaking the country to Bangladesh is still considered as the finest decision ever taken. Supporting the civil war and liberation movement of Bangladesh, and then the Army action was a sublime act that helped in securing our eastern borders.

5. When India transformed from a mere wood and cotton selling nation to a big market for advanced IT firms.


Before Rajiv Gandhi, the word ‘computers’ were just found in dictionaries in India who nobody cared to look at. But it was him who dared to introduce the IT Sectors in India despite the protest from many political parties.

6. When Manmohan Singh showed that action speaks louder than words and his heroics saved India.


The year was 1991, and India was literally bankrupt. And then it was Manmohan Singh as our Finance Minister who pulled us out of the damn pit and introduced the Budget that changed the course of waves and made India stood up once again.

7. When we gave Pakistan the replies it deserved.


1947, 1965 and 1971. Three wars, three victories. The time when India was dealing with inner conflicts within the home, it was the Government that maintained the patience and dealt with the situation in the most diplomatic and yet with an aggressive approach.

8. When Lal Bahadur Shastri gave us the courage to fight in the tough times.



During the war of 1965 against Pakistan, India went on a terrible food shortage but it was him who have us the hope and confidence by asking us to maintain a fast for a day in a week. He himself went on a fast for twice a week and abled people followed him. His honesty motivated millions and we dealt with the situation as a family.

9. When Green Revolution stepped in and changed the destiny of India.



It was the efforts of MS Swaminathan that drew India towards the path of Agricultural Development and become a wheat surplus country from a country that was importing the same 10-15 years ago from countries like America and UK.

10. When Indians got the power and the RIGHT to QUESTION EVERYTHING!



The introduction of RTI (Right To Information) was the biggest step towards making India more democratic. It was the UPA government that introduced the Freedom of Information Bill in Parliament, in 2002. The bill today gives us the right to hold the authority accountable and question their decision with a positive approach.

Now the points that I have quoted might be controversial as the implementation of it may or may not be initiated by the Congress party at the first place. That is a different story altogether. What is more important is the fact that they were introduced during the Congress rule which has created a huge impact.



Congress hits back at taunts: PM Modi has lost the plot, and narrative

The Congress spun Modi’s earthquake jibe at Rahul Gandhi as an insult to the people of Uttarakhand, the epicenter of a strong quake on Monday night.

KPN photo

AT THE receiving end of a series of taunts and jibes by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the Lok Sabha on Tuesday, the Congress hit back, saying the Prime Minister’s address reflected his arrogance and proved he has “lost the plot, as also the narrative.”

The CPI(M) said that Modi has hijacked sanctity of the discussion on the motion of thanks to the President’s address into an election propaganda.

Explaining that there was expectation that Modi will announce some steps to put the economy back on track, Congress’s communication department head Randeep Surjewala said, “His reply in Parliament proved to be much ado about nothing…. (It) proved that he has lost the plot, as also the narrative. It was a reply given by a man who has lost political ground, who is captive of his own image and arrogance, who is staring (at) defeat and whose rhetoric stands exposed.”

The Congress spun Modi’s earthquake jibe at Rahul Gandhi as an insult to the people of Uttarakhand, the epicenter of a strong quake on Monday night. “The Prime Minister mocks the tragedy of Uttarakhand and insults the freedom struggle but has no answers to the opposition’s questions,” the Congress vice-president tweeted. Uttarakhand Chief Minister Harsh Rawat called it a “repulsive statement”, and that Modi should be “ashamed” of making such a statement.

Surjewala said instead of answering Rahul Gandhi’s posers on Sahara/Birla papers, Modi appeared angry at him. “Staring at defeat in five states, we expected the use of such language by the PM. The Prime Minister should have given a straight answer to a straight question — whether he took money or not. That was Rahul Gandhi’s question. Sarcasm will not change the reality,” he said.

Senior Congress leader M Veerappa Moily said, “This was the last opportunity for him, because the next Budget and President’s address will be before the next Lok Sabha election. He should have used this window of opportunity to present his vision, clarity and also perspective for the country. Perhaps he has lost his life’s opportunity…”

CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechury said Modi shied away from answering issues related to demonetization and instead engaged in “rhetoric and sloganeering”. He said, “We have serious objection to the fact that the sanctity of debate on the motion of thanks to the President is being hijacked into election propaganda by the Prime Minister. This is…very serious…. I think Parliamentary norms are being jettisoned for the sake of their (BJP’s) political benefits.”

Steps taken to solve the problems of Disabled People


Who are Disabled People?

Throughout centuries, the disabled have been oppressed marginalized and stigmatized in almost all societies. They constitute a section of the population, which is most backward least served and grossly neglected. Person with disability are the poorest of the poor and weakest of the weak, who have been socially, educationally and economically disadvantaged; thus having customarily denied their right to self-assertion, identity and development. Now where is this victimisation more glaring than in matters of education, employment and physical access. Disability is not all alone sometimes impairment and handicap was used interchangeably, but these terms has different meanings and describe different concepts. To promote appropriate use of these terms, in 1980 the World Health Organization established the international classification of impairment, disability and handicap, which define these concepts: Impairment – refers to the loss or abnormality of psychological, physical, or anatomical structure or function at the system or organ level that may or may not be permanent and that may or may not result in disability. Disability – refers to an individual limitation or restriction of an activity as the result of impairment. Handicap – refers to the disadvantage to the individual resulting from an impairment or disability that presents a barrier to fulfilling a role or reaching a goal.1 Disability is a relative term in so far as different cultures define their norms of being and doing differently. Conceptions of disability are therefore highly contextual and subjective.

People with disabilities need special care and attention. You need to understand the effect that these disabilities cause to the person suffering from them. Some of these disabilities might be from birth, however, you will surely come across various disability scenarios where the person affected by the disability had either met with a recent accident or has undergone some serious illness that has rendered the person with the disability.

The issues related to disability is not merely the fact that the person is suffering from certain restraints in physical or mental or social aspects but it goes beyond this point in concern about the livelihood of the person effected with such disabilities. Governments and global organizations like the WHO are trying to find the solution to help these persons with the proper means of sustaining themselves.

Special movements for the people suffering from disabilities have been started to ensure that they are able to get the proper help and support that they deserve. These movements ensure that not only help and support is provided for a short term to these people but a long term solution is also available to them to ensure they are able to live a proper life by sustaining themselves. The several programs that are there to help physically, mentally and socially impaired persons include educating them about the different options that are there that they can choose to earn a livelihood and also to live with dignity. Education is also necessary for self care in certain situations where the people with disabilities must learn to take proper care for themselves and their conditions. It is also important t see that these people suffering from these disabilities are able to lead a proper social life and communicate with others properly.

At times, the disability that the person is suffering from is such that it might become a problem for communication. These disabilities include hearing disability, vision and speech disability and sometimes mental disabilities like cerebral palsy. In such situations it is important to understand the nature of the disability as well as the consequences. Apart from these issues these organizations also help people with disabilities to a normal domestic life, effective communication and at times financial aid. Without the proper care and help, it is next to impossible to help these people and it is essential to help them not only because they are part of our community but also because they are part of the humanity.

Programmes and concessions for the disabled Government of India has taken the responsibility of providing optimal environment to ensure full participation of the persons with disabilities. In this context, it has introduced a number of welfare programs, schemes, concessions and facilities for educational, vocational and economic rehabilitation.

Education: Children’s educational allowance The reimbursement of tuition fee in respect of physically handicapped and mentally retarded children of the Central Government employee has been enhanced from Rs.50/- to Rs.100/- per month.

Scheme of integrated education for the disabled children – Under the scheme, handicapped children are sought to be integrated in the normal school system. 100% assistance is provided to the States/ UTs for education of children suffering from certain mild handicaps in common schools with the help of necessary aids, incentives and specially trained teachers. Financial assistance to persons with disabilities: – The National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation NHFDC, a subsidiary under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Government of India, promotes infrastructure development schemes directly leading to income generation. This corporation provides self-employment opportunities to the persons with disabilities by providing loans at very low rates of interest.

Travel concession: By Rail- Orthopedically handicapped persons / mentally retarded persons with an escort, on production of a medical certificate, are eligible to 75% concession. By Air Locomotors disabled persons with 80% disability are allowed 50% concession in Indian Airlines. Employment of handicapped: Assistance to disabled persons in getting gainful employment either through special cells in National Employment Exchanges or through Special Employment Exchanges for physically handicapped. Up to 100% financial assistance is provided in the case of special cells and 80% in the case of Special Employment Exchanges to state governments / union territory administrations.

Communication: Educated unemployed persons are eligible for allotment of STD, PCOs. The educational qualifications for the applicants are 8th or middle class passed from rural areas, at least matriculation or high school for urban areas. Conveyance allowance: Orthopedically handicapped with disability of lower extremities will be paid transport allowance at double the normal rates. Handicapped employees who have been provided with government accommodation within a distance of 1 kilometer from the place of work or within the campus, the allowance shall be admissible at normal rates.

Miscellaneous programmes: Family pension to disabled children – Handicapped children shall be eligible for the benefit of family pension even if they have been born after the retirement of the Government Servant from a marriage solemnized after retirement.

Ad-hoc allotment of central pool residential accommodation to the physically handicapped employees – Government employees suffering from tuberculosis, cancer and physically handicapped persons may get adhoc allotment of general pool residential accommodation on request after recommendation of the special recommendation committee and on the approval of the urban development ministry.

When we talk about ensuring rights & facilities to disabled people, we can’t forget the work of  Mr “Puran Doshi”. He is the secretary of Congress(I) & Ex Corporator of Colaba. He has worked a lot towards the welfare of disabled people in Mumbai. He had proposed the construction of ramps for disabled people throughout the city. to reduce the difficulties faced by disabled people while travelling to different places within the city. Meanwhile He has utilized his corporators fund for building ramps at various places in South Mumbai. He has also proposed ramps on footpaths at Best Bhawan, the promenade at Gateway of India, Nariman Point, Mantralaya & Police Headquarters. But the proposal was not approved by the civic administration on the grounds that it will lead to intrusion on foothpaths. “The civic administration claimed that it is disabled friendly but it’s not true. If there is any vehicle intrusion then traffic police should take care of it, it’s sad that there is no concern for the disabled”, said Doshi. His dedication & work towards the improvement of facilities for disabled person shows his sheer dedication in improving the structure of society

Problems Faced By Physically Disabled Person


The physically challenged persons are one of the excluded sections of the society and also they face number of problems in their daily life. The result of a present study indicated that the officials who are implementing the welfare measures know only few of the familiar welfare programmes of the physically challenged persons.

Problems Faced By Disabled People

Disabled people are the people with physical or mental incapacities. Common physical disabilities include blindness, deafness and paralysis, while common mental disabilities include autism and the effects of Down’s syndrome. Disabilities generally vary in severity .There are four types of physically challenged, they are physically handicapped, Blind, Deaf, and Dump. The term disabled suggests a state of helplessness; something which falls short of the norm or standard viz., ’physical fitness’. Disability refers to any limitation experienced by the impaired individual in comparison with the activities of the unimpaired individual of similar age and sex.

Common Problems Of The Physically Challenged The existing transportation and infrastructural facilities available to disabled are hardly adequate.  Public transport related problem comprises the problems related t design of the vehicles ( high and incompatible steps of vehicles from the platform level)  Road constraints involve encroachment of bus stops by vendors, temporary structures and parked vehicles stopping of buses fat from actual bus bays. Thus causing great inconvenience to them.  Feeling of insecurity by the disabled while traveling in private buses. The disabled person is largely dependent on a family because they get economically and emotional support from family. The disabled person also gets emotional support from friends and relatives and also gets encouragement.

Disabled people sometimes have difficulty doing things and other people may take for granted, such as travelling on public transport, climbing stairs or even using some house hold appliances. However, the greatest challenge that disabled people have had to face has been society’s misperception that they are the “breed apart”. Historically they have been pitied, ignored, vilified-even hidden away in institutions. Until the second half the 20th century, it was unfortunate today that the disabled people have some abilities, needs and interests as the rest of the populations. Nevertheless, discriminations continued to exist in certain important areas. Some employers were reluctant to take on or promote disables people; some landlords refused to give the land on rent to them; and courts sometimes deprived them of basic rights, including custody of their children. In recent decades, this situation has undergone some positive changes through adjustments in legislation and public attitudes. Also people with disabilities have lobbied for their rights as full citizens and productive individuals.

Let’s see different sectors where disabled people face problems:

Schooling: Though many schools speak of inclusive education, the schools are not really geared to look after differently abled people. The schools generally coax parents to enroll their kids in some other schools thereby passing on their responsibilities.

  • Conveyance: The Indian public transport System is not disabled friendly. While a few seats are reserved inside the transport, getting into and getting down from the transport itself is a big hurdle.
  • Public Places: Public places are not user friendly for disabled. Even simple tasks, taken for granted by the rest, like fetching groceries, going to markets, shopping , are all herculean tasks for disabled. Lack of disabled friendly toilets in public places are a big hindrance for venturing out.
  • Sports: there are no sports facilities readily available for disabled people.
  • Disabled  people who privately rent their homes are obliged to live in accommodation that is not adapted for their needs
  • Education ratio is less in disabled people as compared to non disabled person.
  • 40% believe that their choice of subjects or courses was restricted because of the attitude of teaching staff or because of inaccessible premises
  • Employment rate for disabled adults of working age is less than the overall working age population
  • Disabled people are twice as likely to live in relative poverty as non-disabled people
  • An average number of disabled people miss their social events or family gatherings because of barriers related to their impairment
  • An average number of disabled people felt they are unable to engage in hobbies or pastimes as often as they would like because of barriers linked to their impairment
  • Half  of disabled people said that they have been unable to go on holiday as often as they would like because of barriers linked to their impairment
  • Even if public transport is accessible (most still isn’t), disabled people are almost twice as likely as non-disabled people to say that they are fearful of travelling on it.

By going through this information we can understand that disabled people face a large number of problems in their daily lives which needs to be addressed & solved.

Mr “Puran Doshi” secretary of Congress(I) & Ex Corporator has worked alot towards the welfare of disabled people in Mumbai. He had proposed the construction of ramps for disabled people throughout the city. to reduce the difficulties faced by disabled people while travelling to different places within the city. He has utilized his corporators fund for building ramps at various places in South Mumbai. He has also proposed ramps on footpaths at Best Bhawan, the promenade at Gateway of India, Nariman Point, Mantralaya & Police Headquarters. His dedication & work towards the improvement of facilities for disabled person shows his sheer dedication in improving the structure of society

Minutes of REVIVE BOMBAY – Eleventh Meeting


Minutes of REVIVE BOMBAY – Eleventh Meeting
Sunday, Feb 23rd, Fire & Ice
Next meeting : SUNDAY, APRIL 6TH, 2003 AT LIQUID LOUNGE.

Hello everyone,

These are the minutes of the eleventh meeting of the organization.

-Organisation Update
-Team Updates
-New Projects Proposals
-**Magic Bus Hope Run this weekend**

1) Organisation Update:

We now have our own bank account at HDFC Bank! Revive Bombay has also
applied for Income Tax exemption, therefore all RBT donations will be
tax-exempt as will the donors. We hope to get that done by the next meeting.

You all might have noticed that the format of the minutes have changed
from being an HTML email to a Plain Text email. The reason for this is to keep the size of the mails small and not to take up space in the members mailboxes. If you prefer the former HTML mail, kindly reply to this mail informing the same and we will accommodate your request.

2) Team Update
Accessibility for Individual with Disabilities (A.I.D).
Heritage Statues
Bollywood Walk of Fame.
Ambulance Services

1) Accessibility for Individuals with Disabilities (A.I.D): Team leader :
Manish Maker –

Congratulations to Puran Doshi, in regards to the amending of the
Development Control regulations for Greater Mumbai, without whom this would never have been possible. Mr. Puran Doshi mooted a proposal to the committee of the BMC, seeking to amend the Development Control Regulations for Greater Mumbai for ensuring that all public utility and public buildings to be constructed in Mumbai from now on, including entertainment centres etc., must have provision to be accessible to disabled persons. This proposal was unanimously passed, and has moved to the desk of the Commissioner for his approval. We are already on the job of following up, and tracking the
process to its successfully conclusion.

In regards with the meeting Mr. K.C. Srivastava, Municipal Commissioner, Manish Maker met with the BMC Commissioner. On the agenda, among other things, was amending the Development Control Regulations of Greater Mumbai, a proposal that, as mentioned above, has already been passed proposed by Mr. Puran Doshi. The Commissioner emphasized his support to the cause of the handicapped in Mumbai and promised to look into the matter. We will be following up with him again shortly.

Oberoi Hotels has already shown their commitment to our case through a letter to A.I.D promising handicapped accessibility to their Mumbai
property. They have met with Mr. Trevor Saldanah, the Acting General Manager for the property, after 3 new ramps were constructed at the hotel pursuant to our dialogue – 2 for Kandahar and one for the main entrance lobby of The Oberoi, thereby making most parts of the 2 hotels accessible. Lalita Ramesh and Manish Maker visited Taj Mahal Hotel after speaking about our cause with the Vice President, Projects, Mr. Jamwal, who is himself disabled. They visited and inspected the entire property, identifying potential locations for ramps, especially the new spa JIVA, that is unfortunately, in the basement of the property and therefore completely unaccessible. After speaking with the authorities in charge of JIVA, who are also very keen on our cause, we have decided to have a formal meeting with them to explore the possibility of accessibility, however lim

2) Pet-a-tree:
Team leader : Rishi Tejuja –

Rishi Tejuja informed us that Pet-a-Tree’s Coyote Ugly nite was a huge
hit! There were almost 600 people that packed into Fire & Ice on Feb 20th showing the effective partnership with Channel V and Fire & Ice. The three groups are considering hosting a nite like this again in the future. We have not got the final figures yet but will be receiving them soon. Kudos to the Pet-a-Tree group of Rishi Tejuja, Roopali Tejuja, Ashwin Mittal, Praniti Shinde, Tapasya Singh, Bobby Wadhwa and Hem Tejuja! They did this entire nite on their own! The nite would not have been possible without the support of our member Ketan Kadam of Fire, Aditya Thakur of Channel V, and Nikhila Trikha of Fire and the sponsors – The House to Home Store,, the Options card, and Sentiments chocolate. Thank you all and hope this is just the start of something big!

The first tree plantation project will be at Mahim with section from the
flyover till the Church. The trees will be bottle palms as bottle palms grow straight it will not obstruct the traffic passing by. We do have to watch out that they don’t get hacked or stolen.

There is another property at Dadar (near Portuguese Church), we have got landscaping in those 2 islands. The person who sponsors the islands will also maintain it. If any body had any ideas in their mind would come forward and discuss in the meeting.

3) Heritage Statues:
Team leader : Hemanth Meka Rao –

We have submitted our proposal to the BMC Commissioner Mr. K.C Srivastav. He has already acted on this by requesting the the BMC’s Senior Heritage conservation expert to make a report on appropriation of the statues.

Team leader : Hemanth Meka Rao –

What we want to do is have an Annual General Meeting for all the NGOs working in the city. Every NGO today is working in its own sphere. If all these NGOs got together, the impact that the whole body AS ONE could have is enormous. Revive Bombay would like to spearhead the 1st Annual NGO meeting, calling together NGOs from across the city to come together and share their ideas and thoughts, their goals and visions, their accomplishments and pitfall so that everyone together can learn from each other and see where one can partner with each other. We want NGO’s involved to work together.

We hope to meet Mr. B.G Deshmukh who is the President of AGNI, NGMA and the Asiatic Society to get him to join us as a partner in this AGM. He is also a Director on the board of Tata.

5) Bollywood Walk of Fame:
Team leader : Hemanth Meka Rao –

The new layout of the BWOF was shown. The members worked with Hafeez Contractor to incorporate Chhagan Bhujbals’ ideas also. We have prepared the proposal to give to Mr. Bhujbal and hope to get an appointment with him before the next meeting.

6) Ambulance:
Team leader : Hemanth Meka Rao –

The project on Ambulances has presently been shelved as it is going to take lot of money and we want the Ministry of Health to sponsor this. There were certain issues involved whereby it became unviable unless the government got involved with this directly.

We are seeing that other organizations are doing it like Rotary Club
(heart-line 105). We wish to expand on this for all kinds of emergencies.
Until Government backing is received, this project will now be on a slow track.

7) Make-a-wish:
Team leader : Shraddha Thacker –

Make-a-Wish and Revive Bombay will work in hand in hand for making wishes come true. The team has managed to collect Rs. 4500 for the Make-a-Wish foundation. They have a list of things that can be donated/sponsored – ranging from Rs. 50 to Rs. 6000.

Anybody who wants to contribute can email Shraddha at the email above. However no old stuff. New stuff which are not required can be given.

3) NEW Project Proposals:

Café Revive Bombay!

Praniti S along with food critic Rashmi Uday Singh suggested the idea of a CAFÉ REVIVE BOMBAY! During the discussion at the meeting, the idea was tuned to having an existing location turned into a Café. The management would invest the funds to make this café and the profits shared between them and Revive Bombay. The Revive Bombay portion would go back into improving the area in and around the café. We wish this USP to get people to come and patronize the café. This project will presently be overseen by Praniti, Rishi T, Hemanth and Rashmi until we get a team leader.

4) Miscellaneous

Revive Bombay’s Coyote Ugly nite in the Economic Times and the Bombay

On 7th March, Channel V showed the Coyote Ugly nite on its Club ‘V’
program and even had a bit about Revive Bombay.

5) **The Magic Bus – Mahindra Hope Run – March 30th 2003**

Run along Marine Drive and raise money for Mumbai’s marginalized children All proceeds go to Magic bus Sports Programme

DATE: Sunday, March 30TH 2003
PLACE: Marine Drive
START TIME: 7.30 am
REGISTRATION: Pre-registration at Exert Gym or the Magic bus office
(last day Saturday 29 March, 12 noon) or
ON THE DAY: Register at the Police Gymkhana at 7 am

ENTRY FEE: RS 250 (under 16), RS 500 (16 and over)
Cheques to be made out to Childlink India Foundation. 80G status applies.
Office addresses:
Exert: Equilibrium The Spa, Samandar Point, next to Eden Hall, Worli,
Tel: (Neha) 566 27375
Magic bus: Ground Floor, 8 Vasundhara Building, (next to Cadbury House), Bhulabhai Desai Road Tel: 2494 6710

THE HOPE RUN 4K a fun run where people of all ages can run, jog, walk or stroll
THE HOPE RUN 8K for the more serious runners

NOTE: If you are receiving RBT Minutes in error, or would like to stop receiving these emails, kindly reply with the words “Remove” in the subject heading.

Thank You!
We ended the meeting with a BIG Thank You to Ketan Kadam, and the Fire & Ice team for making both – this meeting and the Coyote Ugly nite possible.

Next Meeting!
The Next Revive Bombay meeting will be on APRIL 6th 2003 – Liquid Lounge, Opera House – Courtesy of Chirag Doshi.

A lot of people say “I want to get involved but I’m just not able to find
the time.” We’ve given you notice now.. Make sure you make the effort to come to the next meeting.

Looking forward to seeing you all there!


Plight of Senior Citizens in Mumbai

Senior Citizens are perhaps the most vulnerable members of society. One cannot escape the fact that senior citizens are at a much greater risk today than even before. After all, a worrying number of the elderly live on their own. Abandoned by their uncaring families, they are left completely helpless in crisis and extremely vulnerable to criminal elements, health problems and depression.  The senior citizens in the country are facing a number of serious practical problems, in the evening of their lives. Neglect from all sides, children and relatives, Government, investment market and now the rising prices is making their lives not worth living at all. Some of them have reasonably good income from various investments and pension schemes but most of the senior citizens are not able to cope with the rising prices.

What is Social Security? Social security, in its broadest sense, implies an overall security for a person within the family, work place, and society. It may be understood as measures designed to ensure that citizens meet their basic needs (such as adequate nutrition, shelter, education, health care, clean water and food supplies), as well as be protected from contingencies (such as illness, disability, accidents, death, unemployment, medical care, child birth, child care, widowhood, and old age) to enable them to maintain an adequate standard of living consistent with social norms. It must also by implication include protection of livelihoods and a guarantee of work and adequate and fair wages, because without this, other contingency benefits have no meaning. Social security deals with both absolute deprivation and risk and vulnerabilities.

Social Security for Senior Citizen:

The disappearance of large family system in India that “took care of the social security needs of all members” has necessitated provision of social security for senior citizens. This can be in number of ways like providing economic independence, healthcare facilities etc. For the senior citizens, social security can works like a protection cell which provides security through the medical benefit and old age pension plan. Social security deals not only with social risks (sickness, unemployment and social exclusion) but also with programs that secure incomes for senior citizen. Presence of social security programs can maintain social cohesion and can prevent irreversible losses of human capital. The poverty in rural areas for older persons is increasing and needs attention. Hence rural poor would need social security in large measure. 3 Any step in this direction would help in meeting the Constitutional duty i.e., Article 41 of Directive Principles of State Policy has particular relevance to Old Age Social Security. According to this article, “the state shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of undeserved want.” It would also make the Government to fulfill the mandates of international conventions/ treaties related with the social security of senior citizen of which India is also signatory.

Mumbai has around 1.5 million senior citizens – almost the entire population of Patna. Unfortunately, the city of Mumbai is not the safest place for the elderly who live on their own.

  • 12 per cent of them said no one cared whether they existed or not
  • The most severely isolated and lonely are the people over 75, particularly women who are widowed and living alone
  • 21 per cent feel more or less alone and socialize rarely, even with their children
  • 13 per cent feel trapped within their homes
  • 33 per cent said they were left alone after their children moved away
  • 88 per cent said loneliness could lead to ailments

    The gap between the haves and the have-nots has increased,” said Aarti Rajan Menon, deputy editor, Harmony Celebrate Age, a magazine for seniors.The statistics speak for themselves. Digambar Chapke of the All India Senior Citizens Federation estimates that seven out of every 10 senior citizens in the country live in poverty. “Of the more than 100 million senior citizens, 70 million have retired from the unorganised sector and have no pension or social security. Another five million worked in the organised sector — but in one of the 108 industries that have provident fund. The pension given to these senior citizens is inadequate. So in total, 75 million people have no social security,” said Chapke. After poverty, abuse — both physical and verbal — is the next biggest problem the elderly face. In 2014, a three-year-long study by the group Helpage India estimated every second senior citizen faced abuse from relatives. The study, which covered 12 cities, including metropolitan centres, said there has been a marked increase – from 23% in earlier studies to 50% — in the percentage of elders who said they were abused.

According to Prakash Borgaonkar, director, HelpAge India, the rise in numbers could be because more senior citizens are mustering up the courage to report abuse. “We are happy that more people are reporting abuse,” said Borgaonkar. “The problem of cruelty has always been there, but elders did not report it because they feared their children.”

The other major problem faced by the senior citizens are their security & safety which is a major concern in Mumbai City.Some buildings do not even have watchmen or CCTVs which makes it easier for criminals to attack and rob Senior Citizens.

Most burglars take their time as they look around the neighbourhood. They keep an eye on residents and learn their routines while either befriending or figuring out a way to sneak into a building.Senior Citizens who stay alone are easy targets for burglars who break into their homes and steal jewellery and other expensive articles and valuables.  Some burglars are tipped off by domestic help, sweepers and even the watchmen who inform them about the houses that are either empty or occupied by a vulnerable Senior Citizen. Sometimes the burglars rob more than one house in a day.

Mr “Puran Doshi” secretary of Congress(I) & Ex Corporator has supported the cause of security & safety of senior citizens in his ward in Colaba.. The work he is doing for the safety & security of senior citizens is remarkable & highlights its ideology of development through human development

Puran Doshi’s Stand against killing of Stray Dogs

World is beautiful and this is because of the presence of distinctive animal species on earth Have you ever thought if animals were not there on this earth what would have happen? The earth would not be such beautiful as it is now! But nowadays people are neglecting animals protection & safety. We are forgetting that animals has the right to live & survive. In totality, the entire earth is a common property of all of us. It is our world and it is their world.

If animals should have rights, and quite simply, the answer is “Yes!” Animals surely deserve to live their lives free from suffering and exploitation. Just because we are at the top of the food chain, does that give us the right to take animal rights away? A life is a life and it should be valued, no matter what you are. Animals cannot speak for themselves and for that reason we need to protect them. Animals cannot speak for themselves and for that reason we need to protect them. Protecting them is something we should take pride in, it is our responsibility. They have the right to be free of oppression, confinement, use and abuse by humans.

When animals rights are talked about we can’t ignore rights of street animals & problems faced by them. Street animals all over the world are in a very bad plight especially stray dogs. Street dogs lives on streets without any access to proper food & medication facilities. Street dogs may be stray dogs, pets that have strayed from or are allowed freedom by their owners, or may be feral animals that have never been owned. Most of these dogs live in a miserable condition and most of them do not die a natural death. Nepal is one of the few Asian countries without proper animal welfare legislation. Most urban stray dogs are discarded pets which have become sick, pregnant or developed aggressive behavior, or the offspring of such animals. Stray dogs are often blamed for biting random people & spreading rabies. There are dozens of hit and run cases by speeding vehicles leaving stray animals wounded and severely injured. They are often treated very badly & their condition is really devastating

People in Mumbai reported increased cases of dog biting by stray dogs. Inorder to control the population of stray dogs & menace by stray dogs Government & various people issued plea to start killing of stray dogs. People urged increase of death cases due to  dog bites. This plea was against the right to live of animals. Mr. Puran Doshi stood against this inhuman & irrational practice. Mr. Puran Doshi is the secretary of Mumbai Congress & Ex- Corporator – M.C.G.M. Mr. Puran Doshi took a stand against the plea of killing stray dogs. He stopped the killings of stray dogs in Colaba area by protesting against this plea. He urged that stray dogs also has the right to live & survive. They are a part of society & if people feel that stray dogs are causing them harm then they should be sent to sheltered homes. Killing all the stray dogs is not the solution of the problem.  He ensured that the stray dogs in his administrative ward are not killed & are protected against such injustice & crimes. Puran Doshi’s initiative in saving stray dogs depicts his responsible behavior towards society. His attitude of taking care of the rights of the people & animals both depicts his clear vision of sustainable development. His ideology is that development will occur only with human development.  He take care of the facilities & infrastructural development of the area along with the needs of the people. He has conducted various drive advocating cleanliness at Gateway of India & nearby residential areas. We can say Puran Doshi is truly a person who contributes for the betterment of society.